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What a Feeling!?
Briesemeister, Benny Björn

HaupttitelWhat a Feeling!?
TitelzusatzPerspectives in Affective Word Processing...
TitelvarianteWas für ein Gefühl!?
Zusatz zur TitelvariantePerspektiven auf die affektive Wortverarbeitung...
AutorBriesemeister, Benny Björn
Geburtsort: Berlin
GutachterArthur M. Jacobs
weitere GutachterLars Kuchinke
Freie Schlagwörteraffective word recognition; emotion; fMRI; EEG; hierarchical model of emotion
DDC150 Psychologie
ZusammenfassungWhile early studies that investigated the processes underlying normal reading and how these are affected by words with strong affective connotations focused on differences concerning varying degrees of positivity or negativity, the affective word processing literature more recently evolved from this rather simple way of thinking. More elaborated theories of human emotion and more complex research designs have been used to understand affective word processing. The results, however, are still inconclusive.
The present work introduces a novel perspective into affective word processing, suggesting that emotions are not (only) characterized on a two-dimensional affective space comprising valence and arousal, but are best explained in terms of functionally discrete emotions. Several experiments were conducted, providing evidence that a) subjects can differentiate at least five discrete emotions when rating words, b) words that are controlled for valence and arousal still affect lexical decision response times and error rates when manipulated on specific discrete emotions, and c) that these effects are stable and comparable across at least German and English language. In a second step, two experiments with words orthogonally manipulated on discrete emotions (i.e. happiness) and on the valence dimension (i.e. positivity) at the same time show that both variables independently affect word processing variance on the behavioral and the neurophysiological level. Happiness effects on the N100 EEG component preceded positivity effects, which were visible on the N400 and the late positive complex. Moreover, an fMRI study documented that the happiness manipulation recruits the right amygdala and the cerebellum, while the processing of positivity related words relies on medial and inferior frontal regions.
Taken together, these results suggest that affective word processing is much more complex than initially thought. The effects are in line with predictions of the hierarchical emotion model proposed by Panksepp (1998), however, which is used to discuss the future of affective word processing and to make further predictions for additional research.
InhaltsverzeichnisSummary
Zusammenfassung

Chapter 01: Introduction to Affective Word Processing
Testing Emotion Theories with Affective Word Recognition
A Different Perspective: Discrete Emotion Categories
Using Affective Word Recognition to Test Discrete Emotion and Affective Dimension Models

Chapter 02: Discrete Emotion Norms for Nouns
Abstract
Introduction
Rating Methods
Lexical Decision Task Methods
Lexical Decision Task Results
Discussion

Chapter 03: Discrete Emotion Effects
Abstract
Experiment 1
Materials and Methods
Results
Experiment 2
Materials and Methods
Results
Discussion
Experiment 3
Materials and Methods
Results
Discussion

Chapter 04: Discrete Information Effects First, Continuous Later
Abstract
Introduction
Experimental Procedure
Results
Discussion

Chapter 05: Dissociation of Happiness and Positivity
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion

Chapter 06: General Discussion
Conclusion 1: Discrete Emotions Affect LDT Variance even when Affective Dimensions are Controlled
Conclusion 2: Discrete Emotion Effects are Comparable in Different Languages
Conclusion 3: Discrete Emotions and Affective Dimensions are Complementary
Conclusion 4: Affective Word Recognition is Suited to Test Theories of Emotion
Limitations and Future Directions

Chapter 07: References
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Seitenzahl129 S.
Fachbereich/EinrichtungFB Erziehungswissenschaft und Psychologie
Erscheinungsjahr2014
Dokumententyp/-SammlungenDissertation
Medientyp/FormatText
SpracheEnglisch
Rechte Nutzungsbedingungen
Tag der Disputation25.11.2014
Erstellt am01.12.2014 - 15:15:42
Letzte Änderung05.12.2014 - 11:06:55
 
Statische URLhttp://www.diss.fu-berlin.de/diss/receive/FUDISS_thesis_000000097986
URNurn:nbn:de:kobv:188-fudissthesis000000097986-4
Zugriffsstatistik
E-Mail-Adressebenny.briesemeister@fu-berlin.de