digital geometry processing; geometric modeling; real-time simulation; shape compression; shape analysis; model reduction
This thesis concerns model reduction techniques for the efficient numerical treatment
of physical systems governing the deformation behavior of geometrically complex shapes.
We present new strategies for the construction of simplified,
low-dimensional models that capture the main features of the original complex system
and are suitable for use in interactive computer graphics applications.
To demonstrate the effectiveness of the new techniques we propose frameworks
for real-time simulation and interactive deformation-based modeling
of elastic solids and shells and compare them to alternative approaches.
In addition, we investigate differential operators that are derived from
the physical models and hence can serve as alternatives to the Laplace-Beltrami
operator for applications in modal shape analysis.
Furthermore, this thesis addresses the compression of digital shapes.
In particular, we present a lossless compression scheme that is adapted to
the special characteristics of adaptively refined, hierarchical meshes.
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