Distinction, Distinktion, Piano, Klavier, Habitus, Promotor, Economic, civic and political capital, Ökonomisches, kulturelles und soziales Kapital, Bügertum, Komparation, Vergleich
300 Social sciences
Since the latest 18th century and lastly at the beginning of the 19th century, when the rise of the piano began, its impact to the civic and political life was profound. With its multifunctional applications, the piano carried the formation of the corporate culture of the centres of governance in Great Britain and Prussia/Germany, London and Berlin. The present case study analyses the direct and indirect machineries for advancement, which supported the development of these special medium for distinction. This will be showed by the aid of a political-sociological conception of distinction instancing an international comparison of two similar economic, civic and political areas. For this purpose Pierre Bourdieus cultural- sociological theory of distinction will be combined with the understanding of capital as medium for distinction. Three sorts of capital (economic, civic and political) are the fundamentals for an accordant structure of the study results. In accordance with Bourdieu the author is convinced, that someone, whose personality is featured with these three sorts of capital, owns a special habitus. This would help the person to invest this patrimonial capital profitable. Beyond the functions of the businessmen John Broadwood and Carl Bechstein will be analysed. They act as promoters of a triangle of developments between manufacturers, artists and consumers. It is incidental that the British and Prussian/German society is structured with hierarchies and stratums. Those who are members of the upper class acting as referee for members of the underclass. There is proceeding a diffusion top down. There could be shown a codification of the political system through the music culture as well as the construction of a new political space in which let music getting out from intimacy into publicity. The piano music in Great Britain and Prussia/Germany contributes to set boundaries to afford consciously a cultural legitimation for social extremes.
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